Concussion Education (Free Concussion Managment Course)
In accordance with North Dakota State Law (NDCC 15.1-18.2-04) regarding concussion management, each official, coach, and athletic trainer receive biennial training regarding the nature and risk of concussion.
ALL Bismarck Public School District coaches (head, assistant, volunteer, etc.) are required to complete the free Concussion in Sport - What You Need to Know course on the National Federation of State High School Activities website for the 2013-2014 school year (even if this course was completed within the past two years).
It is highly recommended that every BPS student-athlete and parent/guardian should successfully complete the free 20 minute NFHS online course "Concussion in Sports - What You Need to Know".
Click HERE for step by step directions (pdf) on how to register and complete the free NFHS Learn Concussion In Sports course.
Click HERE to complete the free NFHS Learn Concussion in Sports course.
This video is part of a free course offered by the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The NFHS and CDC have teamed up to provide information and resources to help educate coaches, officials, parents and students on the importance of proper concussion recognition and management in high school sports.
COACHES: Once the course is completed, a copy of the certificate of completion must be uploaded to Coaches Corner on the employee/PLC Moodle. A certificate from each individual coach is required, this MAY NOT be done as a group activity and one certificate submitted for the group as proof of completion.
What is a Concussion?
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that interferes with normal brain function. It occurs when the brain is rocked back and forth or twisted inside the skull as a result of a blow to the head or body. What may appear to be only a mild jolt or blow to the head can result in a concussion.
The understanding of sports-related concussion has evolved dramatically in recent years. We now know that young athletes are particularly vulnerable to the effects of a concussion. Once considered little more than a "ding" on the head, it is now understood that a concussion has the potential to result in short or long-term changes in brain function, or in some cases, death.
The terms "ding" and "bell-ringer" were once used to refer to minor head injuries and thought to be a normal part of sports. There is no such thing as a minor brain injury. Any suspected concussion must be taken seriously. A concussion is caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. Any force that transmits to the head causes the brain to literally bounce around or twist within the skull, potentially resulting in a concussion. It used to be believed that a player had to lose consciousness or be "knocked out" to have a concussion. This is not true, as the vast majority of concussions do not involve a loss of consciousness. In fact, less than 10% of players actually lose consciousness with a concussion. Once a blow to the head occurs, the brain is vulnerable to further injury and very sensitive to any increased stress until it fully recovers. While there is damage to brain cells, the damage is at a microscopic level and cannot be seen on MRI or CT scans therefore, the brain looks normal on these tests, even though it has been seriously injured.
Bismarck Public Schools Concussion Management Plan
The North Dakota High School Activities Association (NDHSAA) has developed a Concussion Management Procedure in accordance with North Dakota State Law (NDCC 15.1-18.2-04). The most recent version of the procedure was approved June 18-19, 2013. CLICK HERE to view NDHSAA Concussion Management Procedure.
For the purpose of clarifying this concussion management plan for the Bismarck Public Schools:
An agreement is in place by and between Sanford Health and the Bismarck Public Schools to provide athletic training services to student-athletes of the Bismarck Public Schools.
The Sanford Orthopedics & Sports Medicine Bismarck staff will follow the NDHSAA's Concussion Management Procedure.
The sports medicine staff at Sanford Orthopedics & Sports Medicine Bismarck will be considered the licensed, registered, or certified health care provider for all student-athletes of the Bismarck Public Schools regarding injury and concussion management. As outlined in the NDHSAA Concussion Management Procedure - a licensed, registered, or certified healthcare provider whose scope of practice includes the recognition of concussion signs and symptoms determines, after observing the athlete, that they may have a concussion.
Any student-athlete that has or is suspected of having a concussion should be removed from play; not return to activity on the day of injury; and be evaluated by a Sanford Orthopedics & Sports Medicine Bismarck staff member at the earliest possible convenience. Any student-athlete that has or is suspected of having a concussion must be cleared by a member of the Sanford Orthopedic & Sports Medicine Bismarck staff (the athletic trainer at the respective school) before they can return to practice or competition. Even if the student-athlete is cleared by a physician or another medical professional, the concussed student-athlete must follow the BPS Concussion Management Plan.
If a Sanford Orthopedics & Sports Medicine Bismarck staff member is not on hand, the athlete cannot re-enter the contest. A coach or a spectator with medical background does not qualify as a licensed, registered or certified health care provider for Bismarck Public Schools.
The sports medicine staff will also utilize the Sanford Sports Medicine Concussion Policy for management of sports related concussion for all Sanford Athletic Training associates. Management includes the use of the SCAT3 (Sports Concussion Assessment Tool 3) and ImPACT testing as well as established return to play progression protocol.
All BPS athletic teams will follow the BPS Concussion Management Plan. If a student-athlete that participates on a BPS sponsored team (co-op) attends a school that has their own concussion management plan, the BPS plan is the one that will be followed.
If you have questions, contact Jim Haussler, Activities Director, Bismarck Public Schools, 701-323-4079, firstname.lastname@example.org.
ImPACT Concussion test
ImPACT Concussion Test (pdf document)
File Size: 35.42 kb
Read this handout to find out information about how the ImPACT Test can benefit your student-athlete.
Beginning with the 2011-2012 school year, the Bismarck Public Schools District required ImPACT baseline testing for all student-athletes grades 9-12 participating in athletics prior to the start of their competitive season. Testing times will be arranged and supervised by a Certified Athletic Trainer. If a student is a multi-sport athlete, the student will only be required to take the baseline exam once.
For the 2013-2014 school year and every year after, ImPACT baseline testing will required for those student-athletes that fall into one of the following categories:
1. All 7th grade football players
2. ALL freshman
3. ALL juniors
4. Any student-athlete new to the BPS district
5. Those students that missed testing the previous year (i.e. someone who plays 10th grade football but did not play 9th grade football)
6. Any 7th or 8th grader that will be up practicing or completing with the varsity and/or junior varsity programs.
7. Any co-op student athlete that participates on a BPS sponsored team that falls under any one of the above categories
ImPACT takes approximately 30-45 minutes to complete. The program measures multiple aspects of cognitive functioning in athletes, including: Attention span, Working memory, Sustained and selective attention time, Response variability, Non-verbal problem solving, and Reaction time.
Click Here to learn more about ImPACT.
The following forms provide important information in the event a student-athlete has sustained a head, chest or abdominal injury.
Information for Parents: Fact Sheet [PDF 706KB]
Heads Up Concussion in High Schools Sports. A fact sheet for parents. All parents/ guardians of Bismarck Public School's student-athletes are required to read this document prior to the start of their son/daughter's athletic season.
Parents can also check out the Heads up to Parents website. Created through a grant to the CDC Foundation from the National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment, it contains more information regarding concussions.
Information for Athletes: Fact Sheet [PDF 647KB]
Heads Up Concussion in High Schools Sports. A fact sheet for athletes. All Bismarck Public School's student-athletes are required to read this document prior to the start of their athletic season.
Head Injury Guidelines
Sports Concussion (Sideline instructions from your Health Care Provider)Sports Medicine Head Injury Guidelines (pdf document)
File Size: 59.85 kb
Sanford Orthopedics & Sports Medicine Sports Concussion sideline instructions
Sanford Sports Medicine Concussion Policy
Sports Medicine Concussion Policy (pdf document)
File Size: 92.39 kb
Management of sports related concussion for all Sanford Athletic Training employees.
NDHSAA Concussion Management
Click Here for North Dakota High School Activities Association Concussion Manangement Policy.